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Естественнонаучные методы в археологии: Археоастрономия

Вы находитесь: Археология.РУ => Естественнонаучные методы в археологии
см. также: Мегалиты

В этом разделе: Обзоры | Антропология | Археоастрономия | Геофизические и археомагнитные методы | ГИС и археология | Дендрохронология | Исследования керамики | Исследования текстиля | Климатология, почвоведение, палеоландшафт | Компьютерные методы | Корреляционный метод | Методы полевых исследований | Палеометаллургия | Палеоонтология и зооархеология | Палинология | Радиоуглеродное датирование | Реставрационные методы | Статистико-комбинаторные методы | Термолюминисцентный метод | Экспериментальная археология | GPS в археологии

Обзоры, исследовательские центры и проекты

A Biblography by David S. P. Dearborn


Ancient Astronomy

"People from around the world study of the heavens to define themselves and to unify their cultures. The study of ancient astronomy allows us to glimpse into a time when the forces of the universe were mysterious and dangerous. Often cultures relied on shamans or priests to mediate between the people and the heavens, and so the relation between religion and astronomy in ancient times is very close. In this resource center we hope to present an overview of the world's ancient cultures, and their relationship with the skies." Pomona College Astronomy Department hosts a collection of works on ancient world astronomies. Обзоры

Archaeoastronomy, Ancient Astronomy and Ethnoastronomy Links

A huge list of related links from Wolfgang Dick. Список ресурсов

Archaeoastronomy and Ethnoastronomy News

Оглавления и аннотации с номера 1 за 1991 г.

Archaeoastronomy Journal

"Since 1978, the Center for Archaeoastronomy has produced a peer-reviewed science journal called ARCHAEOASTRONOMY. That journal is now called ARCHAEOASTRONOMY: The Journal of Astronomy in Culture (ISSN 0190-9940) and is published by the University of Texas Press for The Center for Archaeoastronomy in cooperation with ISAAC, the International Society for Archaeoastronomy and Astronomy in Culture." Новости, анонсы, публикации.

Astronomy in Japan

"This page is written in English and designed primarily to give people who do not speak Japanese a window into one of the most interesting and fascinating aspects of Japanese culture. Please feel free to link to and use material from this site; please cite materials and articles appropriately and observe any copyrights. No advertising is accepted on this site. While articles will be posted in English, they may be submitted in English or Japanese." Небольшая информационная страничка

Books on megalithic art, stereo photography and archaeocosmology


Center for Archaeoastronomy

"The Center was founded in 1978 at the University of Maryland to advance research, education and public awareness of archaeoastronomy. The journal of the Center, Archaeoastronomy, was started in 1977 and remains the only publication devoted exclusively to world archaeoastronomy and ethnoastronomy. We also published a quarterly newsletter called Archaeoastronomy & Ethnoastronomy News which has now become an online news service for this scientific community. "

Cultural Astronomy

"Throughout human history people of all cultures have looked to the sky to improve their daily lives. People have used the sky to help them gather food, hunt game, plant and harvest food, tell time, navigate while traveling, plan cities, make myths and folklore, develop religions, write literature, and produce art. This module explores the cultures that have observed the heavens, the phenomena they observed, and the ways they incorporated their observations of the sky into their daily lives." Рart of the University of Chicago's Digital Library.

Journal for the History of Astronomy: Archaeoastronomy Supplement

Оглавление Вып.ов 1997-2002 гг.

ISAAC - the International Society for Archaeoastronomy and Astronomy in Culture

"ISAAC is a professional organization established in 1996 to promote the academic development of archaeoastronomy, including ethnoastronomy. The goal of this society is to enhance the professional status of archaeoastronomy by forming ties with existing international, regional and national academic bodies, organizing meetings, and assisting in the development of interdisciplinary projects in cultural astronomy in its widest sense." Исследования, родственные ресурсы, публикации

Maes Howe

Исследования, Веб-камера

Maya Astronomy Page

A site on everything you ever wanted to know about what we have learned from the Maya Codices.

Natural Catastrophes during Bronze Age Civilisations: Archaeological, Geological and Astronomical Perspectives

// A conference organised by The Society for Interdisciplinary Studies and held at Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge, 11th-13th July 1997. Includes abstracts of contributions

Ocarina Books

Оnline shop for archaeoastronomy-related books since 1995

SEAC - The European Society for Astronomy in Culture

"The European Society for Astronomy in Culture is a Professional Association of scientists working in the field of Astronomy in Culture or Anthropological Astronomy, including the interdisciplinary disciplines of Archaeoastronomy an Ethnoastronomy. However, researchers in nearby fields of science like History of Astronomy, Mythology, Spatial Archaeology or Cosmology are also welcomed in the SEAC." Конференции, новости, образование.

Science and Stonehenge

Website documenting the finds from an archaeological project at Stonehenge funded by English Heritage. Исследования

Turtle Mountain online exhibit

"How strange it was that the settlers, my own people on both sides, too, could not see what was there all over the prairie. They’d used the stones to build dams and for foundations for their buildings, they’d picked them so they could farm - “The circles always went first,” Peter said, “because they were so easy to see.” - and yet, even knowing what they were doing, they didn’t see. Beyond seeing, there was recognizing. I couldn’t find a better word for what I meant; that a lot of people had lived here for a very long time, that they were not “picking rock” so they could farm, that they were dismantling the remains of a civilization. Every stone freighted with tears, with the weight of grief, they should have been too heavy to lift." Interpretation of the work of John Eddy in southwestern Manitoba.

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Быструшкин Н.Н. Феномен Аркаима с позиции палеоастронома

// История и культура Востока Азии. Мат-лы МНК (Новосибирск, 9-11 декабря 2002 г.). Новосибирск. - Т.1. - 2002. Скачать (977 Kb)

Жалковский В.И. Астральный модулер Нио

// Гуманитарные науки в Сибири. - Сер. Археология и этнография. - 3. - 1997.

Жалковский В. По канонам древней космографии

// Наука в Сибири. - №8(2294). - 23.02.2001.

Колева В., Колев Д., Чохаджиев С. Энеолитическая модель небесной сферы из Западной Болгарии

// История и культура Востока Азии. Мат-лы МНК (Новосибирск, 9-11 декабря 2002 г.). Новосибирск. - Т.1. - 2002. Скачать (14,9 Mb)

Коптев А.В. Год свиньи у древних римлян?

// Статья

Коптев А. Календарь праздничных и памятных дней древнего Рима

// Статья, 1999.

Корсун А.Н. Мегалиты Франции


Кудин М.И. Археоастрономия и дольмены

// Сочинский краевед. - Вып.7. - 2000

Ларичев В.Е. Божественное Время (космогония, Время и астрология в мировоззрении жречества мальтинской культуры)

// Информационные технологии в гуманитарных исследованиях. - Вып.3. - Новосибирск. - 2002. Скачать (21,6 Mb)

Ларичев В.Е. Медведь в искусстве раннего этапа верхнего палеолита Сибири (семантика образа в свете календарно-астрономических записей)

// Информационные технологии в гуманитарных исследованиях. Новосибирск. - Вып.6. - 2003. Скачать (137 Kb)

Ларичев В.Е. Средневековые календари финно-угров

// История и культура Востока Азии. Мат-лы МНК (Новосибирск, 9-11 декабря 2002 г.). Новосибирск. - Т.1. - 2002. Скачать (43,6 Mb)

Ларичев В.Е. Хранители времени (к проблеме информационных традиций в первобытном искусстве)

// Информационные технологии в гуманитарных исследованиях. Новосибирск. - Вып.2. - 2000. Скачать (238 Kb)

Ларичев В.Е., Вергунов Е.Г. Применение GPS-Технологий в астроархеологических исследований памятников Сибири

// История и культура Востока Азии. Мат-лы МНК (Новосибирск, 9-11 декабря 2002 г.). Новосибирск. - Т.1. - 2002. Скачать (64,9 Kb)

Мельников В.Л. Предтеча российской астроархеологии - князь П.А. Путятин и семья Рерихов

// История и культура Востока Азии. Мат-лы МНК (Новосибирск, 9-11 декабря 2002 г.). Новосибирск. - Т.1. - 2002. Скачать (113 Kb)

Останина Т.И. Кирбинское святилище на реке Меше

// Finno-Ugrica. - 2001-2002. - №1 (5-6). - С.15-43. Читать/сохранить файл *pdf

Пасынков С.В. Календарный счет в орнаменте посуды поздняковской культуры

// История и культура Востока Азии. Мат-лы МНК (Новосибирск, 9-11 декабря 2002 г.). Новосибирск. - Т.1. - 2002. Скачать (2,98 Mb)

Петров А.В. Астрономия Юлия Гигина и ее место в античной культуре

// ПГигин. Астрономия. / Пер. и ккомм. А.И. Рубана. СПб. - 1997, С.5-19.

Потемкина Т.М. Археоастрономические объекты как один из источников изучения генезиса жречества

// Жречество и шаманизм в скифскую эпоху. Мат-лы МК. СПб. - 1996. - С.20-23. Читать/сохранить сборник файл *pdf

Френкель М.М. Некоторые календарные аспекты древнеегипетской игры "Мехен"

// История и культура Востока Азии. Мат-лы МНК (Новосибирск, 9-11 декабря 2002 г.). Новосибирск. - Т.1. - 2002. Скачать (2,20 Mb)

Чернетенко Ю.А., Марсадолов Л.С. Отождествление дрвнекитайских созвездий с картой звездного неба в области эклиптики

// Жречество и шаманизм в скифскую эпоху. Мат-лы МК. СПб. - 1996. - С.178-180. Читать/сохранить сборник файл *pdf

Ancient sky map or fake? German experts row over star disc

// The Guardian March 1, 2005

Astronomische Interpretation der Himmelsscheibe

// Several articles

Brundige E.N. Early Greek Astronomy

Outlined text of most aspects of Greek astrononomy.

Burger R. Eine Komödie der Irrungen

// Processing of the trial against the likely fences, in faz.net 03/05

Calvin W. How the Shaman Stole the Moon


de Jong G. The Bull of Newgrange: a metaphor for Halley's Comet?

// "When seen from above Newgrange looks like a giant skull, the top part of the skull of a Bull with long horns. The circular form between its horns, the grass covered mound, almost certainly represents a large golden sun disc. It is obvious that the builders of Newgrange constructed the temple in honour of the horned Bull of Heaven which I believe can be considered a metaphor for Halley's Comet."

Der geschmiedete Himmel

// Presentation of the so-called "Himmelsscheibe von Nebra". Exhibition at the Landesmuseum für Vorgeschichte Halle from 15/10/04 until 24/05/05

Die Himmelsscheibe von Nebra

// Sensational find of a bronze disc with astronomical depictions in gold as well as the accompanying pieces. Informations from the Landesamt für Archäologie Sachsen-Anhalt

Dier M. Fourknocks - An interpretation

// "This article is based on a lecture given to the Meath archaeological and historical society by Martin Dire at the Fourknocks in June 2004. The lecture was based on outlining the less obvious reasons why structures like the Fourknocks were sited where they were. Martin argues that the placements of the prehistoric monuments are far from haphazard or random. "

Dig unearths Bronze Age sun disc

// BBC news 25/11/2003. A gold disc discovered in Ceredigion, Wales.

Eimerdeckel oder Sensationsfund?

// Interviews at DeutschlandRadio Berlin (including audio-file mp3/ra)

Gray M. Cosmic and Cometary Induced Cataclysms and the Megalithic Response

// "Early in the spring of 1986 I began a year-long pilgrimage around Europe by bicycle. Over four seasons I cycled through eleven countries to visit, study and photograph more than 135 holy places. In succeeding years I traveled to Europe several additional times, visiting other countries and their sacred sites. These travels took me to the sacred places of Megalithic, Greek and Celtic cultures as well as to the pilgrimage sites of medieval and contemporary Christianity. For many thousands of years our ancestors have been visiting and venerating the power places of Europe. One culture after another has often frequented the same power places. The story of how these magical places were discovered and used is filled with myths of cosmic and cometary induced world destroying cataclysms, astronomers and sages, and nature spirits and angels."

Harris J. Babylonian Mathematics and Planetary Theory

A comprehensive guide to the Babylonian Planetary and Luni-Solar Parameters, Babylonian Planetary Methodology and the Heliocentric Concept.

Himmelsscheibe von Nebra

// Official website of the Förderverein Himmelsscheibe von Nebra e.V.

McCluskey St. Man and the Cosmos

"This course builds on the work I've been doing in the past twenty years investigating the astronomies of the peoples of medieval Europe, the American Southwest, and pre-Columbian Mesoamerica. The central theme I've taken for this course reflects the fact that almost every people that we've investigated have done something that we can call astronomy. In the best sense this is a multi-cultural course, showing the different ways different peoples have looked at the heavens and the different patterns of thought that they have used to order the things that they saw in the sky. By the time we're done, I hope we'll have some understanding of the fact that science, and particular astronomy, is not something that Western Europeans and their intellectual descendants do. All peoples construct frameworks to make their observations of the heavens intelligible; astronomy is a universal human activity." Учебный курс

Reaching for the stars

// How Europe's elites amounted wealth and power. International Symposium Halle/Saale

Renshaw St., Ihara S. Astronomy Among Ancient Tombs and Relics in Asuka, Japan


Ruggles Cl. Course information for AR315 (Archaeoastronomy)

"The course will focus upon questions of archaeoastronomy's aims and objectives, scope and methodology, and its place (if any) within modern archaeology and anthropology as a whole. The first part of the course will concentrate on the Neolithic and Bronze Age in Britain and Ireland, and particularly on the interpretation of astronomical symbolism in monumental architecture. The remainder of the course will draw upon numerous examples from world archaeoastronomy and ethnoastronomy. Basic astronomical concepts will be introduced in the course of the first few lectures, but the course as a whole will not concentrate upon technical details."

Urban O. Vom Mond zur Sonne

// Artikel

Wason P.K. Messages from the Monuments - How Neolithic Monuments Communicate About Religion and Status

// "When we look at messages from monuments in this way, we sometimes discover that different conclusions, originally proposed as alternatives, are instead quite compatible with each other. To illustrate, I will use the monuments of the Avebury group in Wiltshire, England as a space-time focal point for synthesizing several theoretical perspectives (with the Irish Passage Tombs of Newgrange, Knowth, Dowth and a few other sites for support)."

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